This is an updated diagram for the same circuit. Here the source neutral, known as a grounded neutral, is run through to the switch box where it can be used to power switches that require a neutral connection. A neutral connection like this is now required in most new switch boxes as of the code changes in 2011.
This circuit diagram shows the wiring for a new receptacle outlet connected at a light fixture. The source at the fixture is always hot and a switch loop controls the light. New 2-wire cable runs from the fixture box to the new receptacle and the source hot, neutral, and ground are splice to it along with a pigtail back to the fixture circuit. With this arrangement the new receptacle is always hot.
This wiring diagram illustrates wiring a light switch to control an existing receptacle outlet. The source is at the receptacle and a switch loop is added to a new switch. The hot source wire is removed from the receptacle and spliced to the red wire running to the switch. The black wire to the switch connects to the hot on the receptacle.
This circuit breaker wiring diagram illustrates installing a 20 amp circuit breaker for a 240 volt circuit. The 12/2 gauge cable for this circuit includes 2 conductors and 1 ground. A dedicated 20 amp circuit like this is used for heavy household appliances like an air conditioners.
This page contains wiring diagrams for adding a new light fixture using an existing receptacle as the source. Diagrams include adding a light from a switched receptacle and tapping an always-hot outlet. Different wiring arrangements are included to allow for either the light or the switch to come first in the circuit.
With this lamp, bulb A can be turned off and on independently and switch B can turn on bulb 1 alone, bulbs 2 and 3 together with bulb 1 off, bulbs 1, 2 and 3 all on at the same time or all three off.
This type of switch will be referred to as a 2 circuit lamp switch when shopping at home stores. Don’t mistake this for a three way switch (pictured below), the two do not function in the same way.
This diagram illustrates some of the most common circuits found in a typical 200 amp circuit breaker box. The breakers are installed in a service panel so that contact is made with one of two hot bus bars that run down the middle of the box. The hot wire for a circuit is connected to the breaker by a set screw on the base.