With this lamp, bulb A can be turned off and on independently and switch B can turn on bulb 1 alone, bulbs 2 and 3 together with bulb 1 off, bulbs 1, 2 and 3 all on at the same time or all three off.
Here 3-wire cable serves a split receptacle. The bottom half of the receptacle is controlled by a switch and the top half is always-hot.
This circuit breaker wiring diagram illustrates installing a 30 amp circuit breaker for a 240 volt circuit. The 10/3 cable for this circuit has 3 conductors and no ground. A 30 amp circuit like this is usually found in water heater circuits and older installations for clothes dryers and kitchen ranges. For a new installation of a kitchen range, use the diagram below for a 50amp circuit.
The white wire on the switch loop is used to carry current from the source to the switch and it is marked with black tape or paint to label it as hot. The black on the switch loop runs from the top switch terminal to the top half of the receptacle. With this arrangement the top half of the duplex is controlled with the switch and the bottom half is always hot.