This page contains wiring diagrams for adding a new light fixture using an existing receptacle as the source. Diagrams include adding a light from a switched receptacle and tapping an always-hot outlet. Different wiring arrangements are included to allow for either the light or the switch to come first in the circuit.
This circuit diagram shows the wiring for a new receptacle outlet connected at a light fixture. The source at the fixture is always hot and a switch loop controls the light. New 2-wire cable runs from the fixture box to the new receptacle and the source hot, neutral, and ground are splice to it along with a pigtail back to the fixture circuit. With this arrangement the new receptacle is always hot.
This diagram shows the wiring for a new receptacle added from a light switch. The switch must have an always-hot wire for the source and a neutral wire must be present for the return path. The hot source is spliced with a pigtail back to the switch, and to a new 2-wire cable running to the new outlet. The neutral is spliced in the switch box to both the existing light, and the cable to the new receptacle.
This page contains wiring diagrams for a service panel breaker box and circuit breakers including: 15amp, 20amp, 30amp and 50amp, as well as a GFCI breaker and an isolated ground circuit.
An isolated-ground receptacle makes use of an extra wire for a separate ground in the circuit. This is the red wire in the 14/3 cable used here which is marked and connected to the grounding terminal on the receptacle. The other cable wires are connected as with any other circuit except for the ground wire. The bare copper ground wire is NOT connected to the receptacle, instead it is connected to the grounding terminal inside the electrical box where the receptacle is housed.
The battery is the weakest link here and should be the first place to look for trouble. The battery can be replaced with a large flashlight-type dry cell rated at 12 to 16 volts and if the wires are still intact and the contacts clean, the doorbell should come back to life.
Here 3-wire cable serves a split receptacle. The bottom half of the receptacle is controlled by a switch and the top half is always-hot.
This diagram illustrates the arrangement for a 20 amp double receptacle circuit with a shared neutral wire. This arrangement is typically used in a kitchen where two appliance circuits are needed in close proximity to each other.